Advanced Applied Islamic Theology (ʿAqīda)

Course Code Year Term Course Group Credits
IRL-532 2 Fall Sacred Texts and Islamic Sciences 3


This course explores specific pre-modern controversies within Muslim theology.  Students become familiar with the various conceptual and methodological resources that have been used by Muslim theologians, including how the complex interactions between reason and revelation played out in different theological schools. By the end of the course, students will comprehend the epistemological distinction between fundamental issues of Islamic beliefs – which are shared across Muslim theological schools and sects – and non-core matters on which these schools and sects disagree. They will have detailed understanding of the evidence and reasoning behind many pre-modern theological controversies, and understand the relevance that some of these still have today.  Students will also understand the gravity of excommunication, and appreciate the sophistication of the Islamic intellectual tradition.



“My experience with BIS has been transformative. I have had direct access to scholars and their knowledge, alhamdulillah in a way I have never experienced before. We’ve deeply explored the Muslim experience academically, challenging many of my previously held beliefs and narratives. I am forever grateful to BIS, the scholars and the organizers for this experience”.

Nuha Muntasser, Student